English (UK)deutsch

Veröffentlichungen Dr.-Ing. R. Kleinrahm

 

Artikel und MonographienM 

1.

Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Untersuchung von Dichtemeßverfahren und Konzipierung einer Anlage zur genauen Messung der Siede- und Taudichte. Chem.-Ing.-Tech. 50 (1978), 805.

2M.

Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Entwicklung und Aufbau einer Dichtemeßanlage zur Messung der Siede- und Taudichten reiner fluider Stoffe auf der gesamten Phasengrenzkurve. Fortschr.-Ber. VDI-Z., Reihe 3, Nr. 92, VDI-Verlag, Düsseldorf, 1984.

3.

Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Entwicklung und Aufbau einer Dichtemeßanlage zur Messung der Siede- und Taudichten reiner fluider Stoffe auf der gesamten Phasengrenzkurve. Chem.-Ing.-Techn. 57 (1985), 520-522.

4.

Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Measurement and correlation of the equilibrium liquid and vapour densities and the vapour pressure along the coexistence curve of methane. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 18 (1986), 739-760.

5.

Kleinrahm, R., Duschek, W., Wagner, W. (Pressure, density, temperature) measurements in the critical region of methane. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 18 (1986), 1103-1114.

6.

Kleinrahm, R., Duschek, W., Jaeschke, M., Wagner, W. Messung und Korrelation der Gasdichte von Methan im Temperaturbereich von 0 °C bis 50 °C und Drücken bis 80 bar. gwf-gas/Erdgas, 129 (1988), 77-82.

7.

Kleinrahm, R., Duschek, W., Jaeschke, M., Wagner, W. Eine genaue Korrelationsgleichung zur Berechnung der Gasdichte von Methan im Temperaturbereich von 0 °C bis 50 °C und Drücken bis 80 bar. Chem.-Ing. -Techn. 60 (1988), 120-122.

8.

Kleinrahm, R., Duschek, W., Wagner, W., Jaeschke, M. Measurement and correlation of the (pressure, density, temperature) relation of methane in the temperature range from 273.15 K to 323.15 K and pressures up to 8 MPa. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 20 (1988), 621-631.

9.

Duschek, W., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W., Jaeschke, M. Measurement and correlation of the (pressure, density, temperature) relation of nitrogen at temperatures from 273.15 K to 323.15 K and pressures up to 8 MPa. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 20 (1988), 1069-1078.

10.

Duschek, W., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W., Jaeschke, M. Measurements of the (pressure, density, temperature) relation of Ekofisk natural gas in the temperature range from 273.15 K to 323.15 K and pressures up to 8 MPa. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 21 (1989), 1069-1078.

11.

Wagner, W., Kleinrahm, R., Pieperbeck, N., Jaeschke, M. A new apparatus for high-precision gas-density measurements to calibrate gas-density transducers. Proceedings of the 1989 International Gas Research Conference, Tokyo, November 6-9, 1989, Government Institutes Inc., Rockville, U.S.A., 1990, 462-471.

12.

Duschek, W., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Measurement and correlation of the (pressure, density, temperature) relation of carbon dioxide. I. The homogeneous gas and liquid region in the temperature range from 217 K to 340 K at pressures up to 9 MPa. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 22 (1990), 827-840.

13.

Duschek, W., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Measurement and correlation of the (pressure, density, temperature) relation of carbon dioxide. II. Saturated-liquid and saturated-vapour densities and the vapour pressure along the entire coexistence curve. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 22 (1990), 841-864.

14M.

Pieperbeck, N., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Entwicklung und Aufbau einer Präzisions-Gasdichtemeßanlage zur Bestimmung der Dichte von Erdgasen. Fortschr.-Ber. VDI, Reihe 3, Nr. 228, VDI-Verlag, Düsseldorf, 1990.

15.

Pieperbeck, N., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W., Jaeschke, M. Results of (pressure, density, temperature) measurements of methane and on nitrogen in the temperature range from 273.15 K to 323.15 K at pressures up to 12 MPa using a new apparatus for accurate gas-density measurements. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 23 (1991), 175-194.

16.

Händel, G., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Measurement of the (pressure, density, temperature) relation of methane in the homogeneous gas and liquid region in the temperature range from 100 K to 260 K at pressures up to 8 MPa. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 24 (1992), 685-695.

17.

Händel, G., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Measurement of the (pressure, density, temperature) relation of dichlorodifluoromethane (R12) and of chlorodifluoromethane (R22) in parts of the homogeneous gas and liquid regions and on the coexistence curve. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 24 (1992), 697-713.

18.

Gilgen, R., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Measurement of the (pressure, density, temperature) relation of sulfurhexafluoride in the homogeneous region from 321.15 K to 333.15 K and on the coexistence curve from 288.15 K to 315.15 K. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 24 (1992), 953-964.

19.

Gilgen, R., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Supplementary measurements of the (pressure, density, temperature) relation of carbon dioxide in the homogeneous region at temperatures from 220 K to 360 K and at pressures up to 13 MPa. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 24 (1992), 1243-1250.

20.

Wagner, W., Kleinrahm, R., Guo, X. Y., Olbricht, G., Jaeschke, M. Experimental investigations of the vos effect on the gas density transducers for natural gas pipelines. Proceedings of the 1992 International Gas Research Conference, Orlando 16-19 November, 1992, Government Institutes Inc., Rockville, U. S. A., 1993, 863-868.

21.

Lösch, H. W., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Neue Magnetschwebewaagen für gravimetrische Messungen in der Verfahrenstechnik. Chem.-Ing.-Technik 65 (1993), 1116-1117.

22M.

Brachthäuser, K., Kleinrahm, R., Lösch, H. W., Wagner, W. Entwicklung eines neuen Dichtemeßverfahrens und Aufbau einer Hochtemperatur-Hochdruck-Dichtemeßanlage. Fortschr.-Ber. VDI, Reihe 8, Nr. 371, VDI-Verlag, Düsseldorf, 1993.

23.

Gilgen, R., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Measurement and correlation of the (pressure, density, temperature) relation of argon. I. The homogeneous gas and liquid regions in the temperature range from 90 K to 340 K at pressures up to 12 MPa. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 26 (1994), 383-398.

24.

Gilgen, R., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Measurement and correlation of the (pressure, density, temperature) relation of argon. II. Saturated-liquid and saturated-vapour densities and vapour pressures along the entire coexistence curve. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 26 (1994), 399-413.

25.

Lösch, H. W., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Neue Magnetschwebewaagen für gravimetrische Messungen in der Verfahrenstechnik. Jahrbuch 1994 "Verfahrenstechnik und Chemieingenieurwesen", VDI-Gesellschaft Verfahrenstechnik und Chemie­ingenieurwesen (GVC), 117-137, VDI-Verlag, Düsseldorf, 1994.

26.

Lösch, H. W., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Neue Magnetschwebewaagen für gravimetrische Messungen in der Verfahrenstechnik. Chem.-Ing.-Tech. 66 (1994), 1055-1058.

27.

Olbricht, G., Kleinrahm, R., Lösch, H. W., Wagner, W., Jaeschke, M. Entwicklung einer Transportablen Prüfeinrichtung für Betriebsdichteaufnehmer in Erdgasmeßstrecken. gwf-Gas/Erdgas 136 (1995), 73-78.

28.

Wagner, W., Brachthäuser, K., Kleinrahm, R., Lösch, H. W. A new, accurate Single-Sinker densitometer for temperatures from 233 K to 523 K at pressures up to 30 MPa. Int. J. Thermophysics 16 (1995), 399-411.

29.

Span, R., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W., Konopka, G., Jaeschke, M., Bittkow, P. Vereinfachte Zustandsgleichungen für Erdgase. gwf-Gas/Erdgas 136 (1995), 644-648.

30.

Jaeschke, M., Guo, X. Y., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. A new accurate method for correcting the vos effect on vibrating gas density transducers. Proceedings of the International Gas Research Conference, Cannes, 6 - 9 November 1995, Government Institutes Inc., Rockville, U.S.A., 1996, 871- 880.

31M.

Nowak, P., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Präzisionsmessungen der thermischen Zustandsgrößen von Ethylen, Stickstoff und Kohlendioxid. Fortschr.-Ber. VDI, Reihe 3, Nr. 456, VDI-Verlag Düsseldorf, 1996.

32.

Nowak, P., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Measurement and correlation of the (pressure, density, temperature) relation of ethylene. I. The homogeneous gaseous and liquid regions in the temperature range from 105 K to 340 K at pressures up to 12 MPa. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 28 (1996), 1423-1439.

33.

Nowak, P., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Measurement and correlation of the (pressure, density, temperature) relation of ethylene. II. Saturated-liquid and saturated-vapour densities and vapour pressures along the entire coexistence curve. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 28 (1996), 1441-1460.

34.

Wagner, W., Lösch, H. W., Kleinrahm, R. Wiegen durch Wände. RUBIN, Wissen­schafts­magazin der Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 7 (1997), 1/97, 24-30.

35.

Nowak, P., Tielkes, Th., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Supplementary measurements of the (p,ρ,T) relation of carbon dioxide in the homogeneous region at T = 313 K and on the coexistence curve at T = 304 K. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 29 (1997), 885-889.

36.

Nowak, P., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Measurement and correlation of the (p,ρ,T) relation of nitrogen. I. The homogeneous gaseous and liquid regions in the temperature range from 66 K to 340 K at pressures up to 12 MPa. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 29 (1997), 1137-1156.

37.

Nowak, P., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Measurement and correlation of the (p,ρ,T) relation of nitrogen. II. Saturated-liquid and saturated-vapour densities and vapour pressures along the entire coexistence curve. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 29 (1997), 1157-1174.

38.

Jaeschke, M., Boden, R., Brandt, O., Gómez Mellado, B., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. An improved evaluation procedure for density transducers used in natural gas pipelines. IGRC 98, Proceedings of the 1998 International Gas Research Conference, Vol. II Transmission and Storage, pp. 551-563, Gas Research Institute, Chicago, 1998.

39.

Gómez Mellado B., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W., Jaeschke, M., Boden, R., Brandt, O. Portable densimeter for testing gas density transducers in natural gas grids. IGRC 98, Proceedings of the 1998 International Gas Research Conference, Vol. II Transmission and Storage, pp. 584-594, Gas Research Institute, Chicago, 1998.

40.

Klimeck, J., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. An accurate single-sinker densimeter and measurements of the (p,ρ,T) relation of argon and nitrogen in the temperature range from (235 to 520) K at pressures up to 30 MPa. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 30 (1998), 1571-1588.

41.

Gómez Mellado, B., Kleinrahm, R., Lösch, H. W., Wagner, W., Brandt, O., Boden, R. Entwicklung eines transportablen Dichteprüfgerätes für Erdgasmessstationen. GWF-Gas/Erdgas 142 (2001), 282-288.

42.

Klimeck, J., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Measurements of the (p,ρ,T) relation of methane and carbon dioxide in the temperature range from (240 to 520) K at pressures up to 30 MPa using a new accurate single-sinker densimeter. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 33 (2001), 251-267.

43.

Funke, M., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Measurement and correlation of the (p,ρ,T) relation of sulphur hexafluoride (SF6). I. The homogeneous gaseous and liquid region in the temperature range from 225 K to 340 K at pressures up to 12 MPa. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 34 (2002), 717-734.

44.

Funke, M., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Measurement and correlation of the (p,ρ,T) relation of sulphur hexafluoride (SF6). II. Saturated-liquid and saturated-vapour densities and vapour pressures along the entire coexistence curve. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 34 (2002), 735-754.

45.

Funke, M., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Measurement and correlation of the (p,ρ,T) relation of ethane. I. The homogeneous gaseous and liquid region in the temperature range from 95 K to 340 K at pressures up to 12 MPa. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 34 (2002), 2001-2015.

46.

Funke, M., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Measurement and correlation of the (p,ρ,T) relation of ethane. II. Saturated-liquid and saturated-vapour densities and vapour pressures along the entire coexistence curve. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 34 (2002), 2017-2039.

47.

Claus, P., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Measurements of the (p,ρ,T) relation of ethylene, ethane, and sulphur hexafluoride in the temperature range from 235 K to 520 K at pressures up to 30 MPa using an accurate single-sinker densimeter. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 35 (2003), 159-175.

48.

Wagner, W., Kleinrahm, R., Lösch, H. W., Watson, J. T. R. Hydrostatic balance densimeters with magnetic suspension couplings, in IUPAC Experimental Thermo­dynamics, Vol. VI: Measurements of the Thermodynamic Properties of Single Phases, Goodwin, A. R. H., Marsh, K. N., and Wakeham, W. A. (eds.), pp. 127-149, Elsevier, Amsterdam 2003.

49.

Wagner, W., Kleinrahm, R. Densimeters for very accurate density measurements of fluids over a large range of temperature and up to high pressures. Metrologia 41 (2004), issue 2, S24-S39.

50.

Glos, S., Kleirahm, R., Wagner, W., Jaeschke, M.,  Schley, P.,  Uhrig, M. Präzisions-Dichtemessgerät zur genauen Messung der Normdichte von Erdgasen. GWF-Gas/Erdgas 145 (2004), 394-400.

51.

Glos, S., Kleirahm, R., Wagner, W. Measurement of the (p,ρ,T) relation of propane, propylene, n butane, and isobutane in the temperature range from 95 K to 340 K at pressures up to 12 MPa using an accurate two-sinker densimeter. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 36 (2004), 1037-1059.

52.

McLinden, M. O., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Force Transmission Errors in Magnetic Suspension Densimeters. Int. J. Thermophysics 28 (2007) 429-448.

53.

Schilling, G., Kleinrahm, R., Wagner, W. Measurement and correlation of the (p, ρ, T) relation of liquid n-heptane, n-nonane, 2,4-dichlorotoluene, and bromobenzene in the temperature range form 233.15 K to 473.15 K at pressures up to 30 MPa for use as density reference liquids. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 40 (2008) 1095-1105.

54.

Sommer, D., Kleinrahm, R., Span, R., Schäfer, D., Uhrig, M. A portable reference densimeter for checking the density determination in natural gas meter runs. Proceedings of the International Gas Union Research Conference, IGRC, Paris 2008.

55.

Richter, M.; Kleinrahm, R.; Glos, S.; Span, R.; Schley, P.; Uhrig, M. A two-sinker densimeter for accurate measurements of the density of natural gas at standard conditions. Proceedings of the 17th Symp. on Thermophysical Properties, Boulder, USA, 2009.

56.

Richter, M., Kleinrahm, R., Glos, S., Wagner, W., Span, R., Schley, P., Uhrig, M. A two-sinker densimeter for accurate measurements of the density of natural gases at standard conditions. Int. J. Thermophysics 31 (2010) 680-697.

57.

Richter, M., Kleinrahm, R., Span, R., Schley, P. A new apparatus for the accurate measurement of LNG densities. GWF International 1 (2010) 66-69.

58.

Sommer, D., Kleinrahm, R., Span, R., Wagner, W. Measurement and correlation of the (p,ρ,T) relation of liquid cyclohexane, toluene and ethanol in the temperature range from 233.15 K to 473.15 K at pressures up to 30 MPa for use as density reference liquids. J. Chem. Thermodynamics 43 (2011) 117-132.

59. Richter, M.; Kleinrahm, R.; Span, R.; Schley, P. A new apparatus for accurate measurements of the densities of liquefied natural gas LNG, iin: Proceedings of the 2011 International Gas Union Research Conference, Seoul 2011, Curran Associates Inc., Red Hook, NY, 2012, pp. 2776 – 2790. 
60. Bettin, H.; Rauch, J.; Richter, M.; Kleinrahm, R.; Span, R. Verflüssigtes Erdgas (LNG) – Erdgaslieferung ohne Pipeline, Metrologie für die Zukunft. Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, PTB Mitteilungen 122 (2012) Heft 4, S. 16.
61. Richter, M.; Kleinrahm, R. Influence of adsorption and desorption on accurate density measurements of gas mixtures. J. Chem. Thermodyn. 74 (2014) 58 – 66.
62. Richter, M.; Kleinrahm, R.; Lentner, R.; Span, R. Development of a special single-sinker densimeter for cryogenic liquid mixtures and first results for a liquefied natural gas (LNG). J. Chem. Thermodyn. 93 (2016) 205 – 221.
63. Yang, X.; Richter, M.; Ben Souissi, M. A.; Kleinrahm, R.; Span, R. Vapor-phase (p,ρ,T,x) behavior and virial coefficients for the binary mixture (0.05 argon + 0.95 carbon dioxide) over the temperature range from (273.15 to 323.15) K with pressures up to 9 MPa. J. Chem. Eng. Data 61 (2016) 2676 – 2681.
64. Ben Souissi, M. A.; Richter, M.; Yang, X.; Kleinrahm, R.; Span, R. Vapor-phase (p,ρ,T,x) behavior and virial coefficients for the (argon + carbon dioxide) system. J. Chem. Eng. Data 62 (2017) 362 – 369.
65. Tietz, C.; Richter, M.; Kleinrahm, R.; Span, R. Enhancement of the revised Klosek and McKinley method for density calculations of liquefied natural gas (LNG) over the temperature range from (100 to 135) K at pressures up to 10 MPa. Fuel Process. Technol. 165 (2017) 19 – 26.
66. Lentner, R.; Richter, M.; Kleinrahm, R.; Span, R. Density measurements of liquefied natural gas (LNG) over the temperature range from (105 to 135) K at pressures up to 8.9 MPa. J. Chem. Thermodyn. 112 (2017) 68 – 76.
67.

Ben Souissi, M. A.; Kleinrahm, R.; Yang, X.; Richter, M. Vapor-phase (p,ρ,T,x) behavior and virial coefficients for the binary mixture (0.05 hydrogen + 0.095 carbon dioxide) over the temperature range from (273.15 to 323.15) K with pressures up to 6 MPa. J. Chem. Eng. Data 62 (2017) 2973 – 2981.

68.

Moritz, K.; Kleinrahm, R.; McLinden, M. O.; Richter, M. Development of a new densimeter for the combined investigation of dew-point densities and sorption phenomena of fluid mixtures. Meas. Sci. Technol. 28 (2017) 127004 (5pp).

69.

Yang, X.; Ben Souissi, M. A.; Kleinrahm, R.; Richter, M. Vapor-phase (p, ρ, T, x) behavior and virial coefficients for the (ethane + carbon dioxide) system. J. Chem. Thermodyn. 122 (2018) 204 – 213.